To treat hypotonia in infants, the doctor may prescribe drug therapy and suggest physical therapy. Treatment may vary depending on the condition and its severity.

Here are some treatment options for hypertonia:

Administration of drugs

Your doctor can prescribe several types of muscle relaxants, such as baclofen, diazepam, and dantrolene, which work to reduce spasticity. These drugs are generally taken by mouth, but the drug baclofen may also be injected directly into the cerebrospinal fluid through an implanted pump.

To treat stiffness associated with Parkinson’s disease, your doctor may prescribe medications that affect the dopamine system, such as levodopa or entacapone.

Botox injections

Hypertonia can also be treated by giving botulinum toxin (Botox) injections into the muscles. The effects of botox injections are local and do not affect the whole body.

Physical therapy

Moving the body as much and as often as possible within certain limits can also help. You can consult with your doctor about what exercises or physical therapy are appropriate for your baby.

Treat the underlying condition

If the hypertonic condition is related or caused by certain diseases, the doctor will also provide appropriate treatment to treat the underlying disease.

Difference between hypotonia and hypotonia in infants

Hypotonia is the opposite of hypertonia, where muscle tone is too little or too little. This is a condition that refers to a decrease in muscle tone so that the joints are too flexible or weak.

Children with hypotonia can be difficult to lift or stand up and appear “flabby”. They often have difficulty doing basic things like lifting their head and limbs. They may also have difficulty performing fine and gross motor activities that require coordinated and controlled movements, such as sitting without a backrest.

So if a baby with hypertonia can look stiff and has poor balance, then a baby with hypotonia looks too flabby and powerless to even support or hold his own body.

If you are concerned or need more information about hypertonia, talk to your pediatrician about it. Especially if the baby has symptoms as mentioned above.

By webino